The agriculture sector of South Africa plays a major role in job creation, and contributes to food security and the GDP. South African government has developed a number of master plans, not only for the agricultural sector as a whole, but also key commodities identified as sectors for development and job retention and/or creation.
This section includes fruit, vegetables, biodiversity and invasive plants. Regarding the inclusion of biodiversity in this section, it is important to consider the big picture of smart agriculture and thus we must include other parts of the ecosystem as well - not only the field crops, but also the plant species next to or near crop fields.
Some useful resources of National Policies governing production within the agriculture sectors can be found below:
|National||Agricultural Pests Act (Act No. 36 of 1983)||This Act seeks to provide for measures by which agricultural pests may be prevented and combated|
|National||Fertilizers, Farm Feeds, Agricultural Remedies and Stock Remedies Act (Act No. 36 of 1947)||This Act provides the framework to provide for a Registrar of Fertilisers, Farm Feeds and Agricultural Remedies and to regulate the importation, sale, acquisition, disposal or use of fertilisers, farm feeds, agricultural remedies and stock remedies|
|National||Agricultural Product Standards Act of 1990 (Act No. 119 of 1990)||This Act provides for the control over the sale and export of certain agricultural products, control over the sale of certain imported agricultural products and control over other related products.|
|National||Genetically Modified Organisms Act (Act No. 15 of 1997)||This Act provides measures to promote the responsible development, production, use and application of genetically modified organisms; to ensure that all activities involving the use of GMOs has limited possible harmful consequences to the environment|
|National||Marketing of Agricultural Products Act (Act No. 47 of 1996)||This Act authorises the establishment and enforcement of regulatory measures to intervene in the marketing of agricultural products, including the introduction of levies on agricultural products and to establish a National Agricultural Marketing Council|
|This Bill provides for phytosanitary measures to prevent the introduction, establishment and spread of regulated pests in the Republic; to provide for the control of regulated pests; to provide for regulation of the movement of plants, plant products and other regulated ar4ticles into, within and out of the Republic|
|This Bill mends the Agricultural Product Standards Act, 1990, so as to insert definitions and substitute others; to provide for auditing of a product for management control systems; to make provision for the setting of tariffs by assignees on a cost-recovery basis; to make further provisions for the Minister to make regulations pertaining to audit and management control systems.|
|The Bill seeks to amend the Agricultural Produce Agents Act, 1992, so as to refine certain definitions; provide for certain provisions of the Agricultural Produce Agents Act, 1992, to apply to all categories of agents; clarify the appointment and responsibilities of the registrar; provide for financial statements of the council to be audited by the Auditor General; provide for insurance of the fidelity fund; further clarify the conditions for acting as an agent; provide for trust accounts for export agents; provide for insurance by export and fresh produce agents.|